Understanding and implementing effective preventive control strategies to reduce, control and/or eliminate the risk of listeriosis in produce grown, packed, manufactured/processed or held is critical, especially in light of numerous outbreaks and recalls associated with Listeria
. The PMA Science & Technology Committee Listeria
Task Force has developed this resource to provide the produce industry quick access to available materials about controlling Listeria monocytogenes
in food facilities. Materials pertain to either awareness, understanding, implementation or verification around Listeria.
This resource list is intended to be living document that will be updated on regular basis whenever new relevant information and resources become available. If you know of other materials that would serve the industry, please forward them by email to Jim Gorny, Ph.D., Vice President of Food Safety & Technology at PMA, so we can post a link.
Resources are categorized as follows:
- Government Risk Assessment, Guidance and Compliance Policy
- Industry Guidance
- Cooperative Extension Bulletins & Presentations
- Trade Journal Publications
- Scientific Publications
- Training Courses
The keywords will help you quickly find the following types of information that you are specifically interested in:
- Awareness: resources related to why preventing Listeria monocytogenes contamination of food and listeriosis is important.
- Understanding: resources related to the biology and facts regarding Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes as well as U.S. and international regulatory requirements.
- Implementation: resources related to the development and implementation of preventive control strategies for Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes.
- Verification: resources related to verification activities associated with Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes preventive controls such as environmental monitoring programs and product or environmental testing
Government Risk Assessment, Guidance and Compliance Policy
USA FDA Risk Assessment
USA FDA Compliance Policy Guidance
USA FDA CFSAN Food Advisory Committee Meeting (Dec 2015)
USA FDA Produce Foodborne Illness Outbreak Investigation Findings & Product Recalls
USA USDA Food Safety Inspection Service (Meat & Poultry)
USA Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
- Overview of Lm Policy Abroad (Krasny, 2015) MS Power Point Presentation from the PMA Produce Safety Policy Conference June, 2015 Understanding
Cooperative Extension Bulletins & Presentations
Trade Journal Publications
- Control of Listeria monocytogenes in the food processing environment (Tomkin, 2002) Implementation Verification
- Guidelines to Prevent Post-Processing Contamination from Listeria monocytogenes (Tomkin et al, 1999) Implementation Verification
- Seek and Destroy Process: Listeria monocytogenes Process Controls in the Ready-to-Eat Meat and Poultry Industry (Malley et al, 2015) Implementation Verification
- Prevalence of shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, and Listeria monocytogenes at public access watershed sites in a California Central Coast agricultural region (Cooley et al, 2014) Understanding
- Listeria monocytogenes dose response revisited - incorporating adjustments for variability in strain virulence and host susceptibility (Hoelzer et al 2015) Understanding
- Environmental sampling for Listeria monoctytogenes control in food processing facilities reveals three contamination scenarios (Muhterem-Uyar et al., 2015) Implementation Verification
- Ribotypes and virulence gene polymorphisms suggest three distinct Listeria monocytogenes lineages with differences in pathogenic potential. (Weidmann et al 1997) Understanding
- Risk factors associated with Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes contamination of produce fields (Strawn et al 2013) Understanding
- Landscape and meteorological factors affecting prevalence of three food-borne pathogens in fruit and vegetable farms (Stawn et al 2013) Understanding
- Geographical and meteorological factors associated with isolation of Listeria species in New York State produce production and natural environments (Chapin et al 2014) Understanding
- Irrigation is significantly associated with an increased prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in produce production environments in New York State (Weller et al 2015) Understanding
- Spatial and temporal factors associated with an increased prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in spinach fields in New York State (Weller et al, 2015) Understanding
- Validation of a Previously Developed Geospatial Model That Predicts the Prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in New York State Produce Fields (Weller et al, 2015) Understanding
- Characteristics and distribution of Listeria spp., including Listeria species newly described since 2009 (Orsi & Wiedmann, 2016) Understanding
This and all of our food safety-related material is made possible by the members who support PMA's Gold Circle Campaign for Food Safety. Find out how your company can help improve produce food safety throughout the supply chain.